ENGINE AND PUMP CONTROLLER CIRCUIT THEORY OF OPERATION
When an operating mode is changed, the EPC causes
The engine and pump controller (EPC) A2 monitors
the EC motor to rotate, changing the engine speed.
and controls engine speed and all digging functions,
When the engine speed matches the requirement for
propel functions, hydraulic pump functions, and pilot
the mode selected, the EC motor stops rotating and
the engine speed remains constant. If another mode is
selected, the process is repeated until the engine
The EPC applies service codes from EPC terminals
speed has changed to match the new mode speed
B8, B15, and B16 to diagnostic connector X1 for
analysis of hydraulic and electrical systems by the
AUTO A/I IDLE MODE
ENGINE CONTROL CIRCUITS
An RPM dial is provided to vary engine speed to any
speed between slow idle and fast idle if E or HP
ENGINE SPEED CONTROL
modes do not provide a speed adequate to the job.
Each time the engine is started, the EPC automatically
The engine speed control circuits monitor and adjust
activates the idle mode to run the engine at the engine
the engine speed to match the operating modes
rpm dial setting.
selected. The engine and pump controller (EPC)
monitors the engine speed via signals from the engine
When the auto idle mode is activated by the auto idle
speed sensor (B16) applied to EPC terminals B6 and
switch, a signal from the monitor controller is applied
B13. The EPC controls the engine speed by sending
to EPC terminal D6 informing the EPC that auto idle is
rotation control signals to the engine control (EC)
selected. With auto idle selected, mode switches E
motor (M2) from terminals A12, A24, A25, and A26.
and HP control engine speed during machine
The EC motor is mechanically linked to the engine
operation. However, if a hydraulic function is not used
throttle linkage. As the motor rotates, the engine
for more than 4 seconds, the EPC automatically
throttle linkage is moved, changing the engine speed.
reduces the engine speed to auto idle.
The engine control (EC) sensor (B17) provides a
signal to EPC at terminal D15 indicating the amount of
LEARNING SWITCH (S16)
EC motor rotation.
If the engine and pump controller or EC sensor is
When the engine is started, the dig hydraulic work
changed, the EPC learning sequence must be
mode is selected by logic circuit in the monitor
activated the next time engine is started. The learning
controller. Each time work mode select switch is
switch activates the EPC learning sequence by
pushed a different work mode is selected (Dig,
applying a ground to EPC terminal B5. When the
Grading, Precision, and Attachment).
switch is activated, the slow idle engine speed is
registered in the EPC memory. After maximum power
Operating mode selection signals from the monitor
engine speed is stored in EPC memory, the EPC
controller and display are applied to EPC terminals
calculates the economy mode (E) speed as a
B11, D3, D4, D5, and D6. The combination of signals
percentage of the slow idle speed.
instructs the EPC which mode has been selected.
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