Cylinder Head and Valves
DIAGNOSING HEAD GASKET JOINT
Head gasket failures generally fall into three categories:
Coolant seal failures.
Oil seal failures.
Combustion seal failures occur when combustion gases
escape between cylinder head and head gasket
combustion flange, or between combustion flange and
cylinder liner. Leaking combustion gases may vent to an
adjacent cylinder, to a coolant or oil passage, or
Coolant or oil seal failures occur when oil or coolant
escapes between cylinder head and gasket body, or
between cylinder block and gasket body. The oil or
coolant may leak to an adjacent coolant or oil passage, or
externally. Since oil and coolant passages are primarily on
right hand (camshaft) side of engine, fluid leaks are most
likely to occur in that area.
Follow these diagnostic procedures when a head gasket
joint failure occurs, or is suspected.
Diagnosing Cylinder Head Gasket Joints
1. Before starting or disassembling engine, conduct a
A--Combustion Sealing Areas
visual inspection of machine, and note any of the
B--Oil Sealing Areas (Push Rod)
C--Coolant Sealing Areas
D--Cylinder Head Cap Screws
Oil or coolant in head gasket seam, or on adjacent
surfaces. Especially right rear corner of gasket joint.
Displacement of gasket from normal position.
Discoloration or soot from combustion gas leakage.
Leaking radiator, overflow tank, or hoses.
Leaking coolant from water pump weep hole.
Damaged or incorrect radiator, fan, or shroud.
Obstructed air flow or coolant flow.
Worn or slipping belts.
Damaged or incorrect radiator pressure cap.
Presence of oil in coolant.
Low coolant levels.
Unusually high or low oil levels.
Unburned fuel or coolant in exhaust system.
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